A kitchen is a room used mostly for cooking and food preparation in any home. A modern residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator, worktops and kitchen cabinets which are arranged in order. Many households have a microwave oven, a dishwasher, and other electric appliances. The main functions of a kitchen are to store, prepare and cook food and complete the tasks after that. Also, many people use the kitchen as a dining room, or to put the laundry in.
Today, we will find out Who invented the kitchen, and how they did it.
The origins of the kitchen
In ancient times, people cooked on open fires that were built outside their homes. Later on, simple masonry constructions were used to hold the wood and fire. In the Middle Ages the food was often placed in metal cauldrons that were hanging above the fire. These cooking areas naturally gathered people for the primary source of heat, light, safety and, of course, food.
Thanks to the chimney, the smoke create from the fire can be drawn up and out of the house, making it easier to breath and easier to create large cooking fires in fireplaces.
Who Invented the Kitchen?
Now let’s continue to the main question, so who invented the kitchen?
Back in the ancient times, people just naturally think of a kitchen as a place for the most important thing – the fire. This evolves from the origin of ancient human making fire for a heating source to stay warm and keep the animals away. That is definitely the first invention of the kitchen.
Later on, economic trends and politics had a major influence on the design and function of the kitchen. In the 18th Century, the stoves were fueled by wood. One of the earliest wood-burning kitchen stoves was the Stew Stove or Castrol Stove, developed in 1735 by the French designer Francois Cuvilliés.
And in the late 18th Century, the metal stoves came into use. An early and famous example of a metal stove is the Franklin stove, invented by Benjamin Franklin in 1742. It had a labyrinthian path for hot exhaust gases to escape, allowing heat to enter the room instead of going up the chimney. However, this stove was designed only for heating, not for cooking.
In 1834, Philo Stewart designed a compact, wood-burning cast-iron stove: the Oberlin Stove. It was a metal kitchen stove small enough for domestic use, much more efficient than cooking in a fireplace, since it increased heating capacity and enabled record cooking times. It became a huge commercial success; it could be cast into decorative shapes and forms and could easily withstand temperature swings from hot to cold. These iron stoves evolved into specialized cooking appliances with flue pipes connected to the chimney, oven holes, and installations for heating water.
Then, the history of coal stoves is more and more declined. Gas became the preferred source of heat, allowing ovens to become smaller and lighter. The British inventor James Sharp patented the gas stove in 1826. By the 1920s, gas ovens were used in most domestic kitchens.
These people, Francois Cuvilliés, Benjamin Franklin, Philo Stewart and James Sharp are great inventors in the world, who invent the foundation and basic of a kitchen. We all thanks them.